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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

310                                        FOUHDATIOK OF GOBABDHA2L

giant Madhn. Being expelled from the throne by his elder brother, the kin*
fled for refEge to the court of his father-in-law, who received him most affec>
tionatelj and ceded him the whole of his dominions, excepting only the capit I
Madhimiia, which he reserved for his son Lavana, Thereupon, Haryasva
built, on the sacred Qirivara, a new royal residence, and consolidated the king-
dom of Anarta, to which he subsequently annexed the country of Aru-pa or f
it is ofterwise and preferably read) Anapa. The third in descent from Yado
ihe son and successor of Haryasva, was BMma, in whose reign Bama, the the*
sovereign 0 Ayodhya, commissioned Satraghna to destroy Lavana's fort of
Hadhumia and erect in its stead the town cf Mathura. After the departure
of its founder,               was annexed by Bhima, and eontinned in the posses*
sioa of his descendants down to Vasudeva.   The most important lines in the
text ran ilras :
Haryisvascha mahateja divye Girivarottame
Nivesayamasa pnram Y&sartham amaropamah
Anartam nama tadrashtram snrashtram Godhanayutam.
Achirenaiva kalena samriddham pratyapadyata
Annpa-vishayam chaiva vela-vana-vibhiishitam.
From the occurrence of the words Girivara and Godhana and the declared
proximity to                it is clear that the capital of Haryasva must have
been situate on fee Giri-raj of Gobardhan; and it is probable that the coiimVr
of Aniipa was to some, extent identical with the more modem Braj. Anapa is
oace meniaoned, in an earlier canto of the poem, as having been bestowed bv
MagFrithii,oiithebard-Siiia. The name Anarta occurs also in canto 
where It is stated to have been settled by Bug Reva, the son of Saiyati who '
made                  its capital In the Bamayana, IV., 43, it is described as 
western region on ite sea-coast, or at all evenis in that direction, and has there-
fore been idemiied nf& Gujami   Thns there would seem to. have been an in-' -
tomte eoBneofion between Gnjarit nd- Mathm^, long aaterior to Krishna's
foundation of Dwiraka.                    '   .